through

through [θru:]
1. prep
1) указывает на пространственные отношения че́рез, сквозь, по;

through the gate че́рез воро́та

;

they marched through the town они́ прошли́ по го́роду

;

through this country по всей стране́

2) указывает на временные отношения:
1) в тече́ние, в продолже́ние;

through the night всю ночь

;

to wait through ten long years прожда́ть де́сять до́лгих лет

;
2) амер. включи́тельно;

May 10 through June 15 c 10 ма́я по 15 ию́ня включи́тельно

3) в сочетаниях, имеющих переносное значение в, че́рез;

to flash through the mind промелькну́ть в голове́

;

to go through many trials пройти́ че́рез мно́го испыта́ний

4) че́рез (посре́дство), от;

I heard of you through your sister я слы́шал о вас от ва́шей сестры́

;

he was examined through an interpreter его́ допра́шивали че́рез перево́дчика

5) по причи́не, всле́дствие, из-за, благодаря́;

we lost ourselves through not knowing the way мы заблуди́лись из-за того́, что не зна́ли доро́ги

2. adv
1) от нача́ла до конца́; в сочетании с глаголами передаётся приставками пере-, про-;

he slept the whole night through он проспа́л всю ночь

;

to carry through довести́ до конца́

;

I have read the book through я прочёл всю кни́гу

;

to get through пройти́

;

to look through просмотре́ть

2) наскво́зь; соверше́нно;

I am wet through я наскво́зь промо́к

to be through (with)

а) зако́нчить (что-л.);
б) поко́нчить (с чем-л.);
в) пресы́титься (чем-л.); уста́ть (от чего-л.);

to put a person through соедини́ть кого́-л. (по телефону)

;

you are through! абоне́нт у телефо́на, говори́те!

;

through and through

а) соверше́нно, наскво́зь, до конца́, во всех отноше́ниях;

an aristocrat through and through аристокра́т до ко́нчиков па́льцев

;
б) сно́ва и сно́ва
3. a
1) прямо́й, беспереса́дочный;

through ticket сквозно́й биле́т

;

through service беспереса́дочное сообще́ние

2) свобо́дный, беспрепя́тственный;

through passage свобо́дный прохо́д


Англо-русский словарь. — М.: Советская энциклопедия. . 1969.

Смотреть что такое "through" в других словарях:

  • through — [ θru ] function word *** Through can be used in the following ways: as a preposition (followed by a noun): They were riding through a forest. as an adverb (without a following noun): There s a hole in the roof where the rain comes through. as an …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • through — [thro͞o] prep. [ME thurgh, thrugh < OE thurh, akin to Ger durch < IE base * ter , through, beyond > L trans, across, Sans tiráḥ, through] 1. in one side and out the other side of; from end to end of 2. a) in the midst of [flying through… …   English World dictionary

  • Through — Through, prep. [OE. thurgh, [thorn]urh, [thorn]uruh, [thorn]oruh, AS. [thorn]urh; akin to OS. thurh, thuru, OFries. thruch, D. door, OHG. durh, duruh, G. durch, Goth. [thorn]a[ i]rh; cf. Ir. tri, tre, W. trwy. [root]53. Cf. {Nostril}, {Thorough} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Through — Through, a. Going or extending through; going, extending, or serving from the beginning to the end; thorough; complete; as, a through line; a through ticket; a through train. Also, admitting of passage through; as, a through bridge. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Through — Through, adv. 1. From one end or side to the other; as, to pierce a thing through. [1913 Webster] 2. From beginning to end; as, to read a letter through. [1913 Webster] 3. To the end; to a conclusion; to the ultimate purpose; as, to carry a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • through — There are two important uses which are still regarded as Americanisms but are beginning to make an impression on BrE: 1. As a preposition meaning ‘up to and including’, as in Monday through Friday. British speakers are aware of this use but still …   Modern English usage

  • through — c.1300, metathesis of O.E. þurh, from W.Gmc. *thurkh (Cf. O.S. thuru, O.Fris. thruch, M.Du. dore, Du. door, O.H.G. thuruh, Ger. durch, Goth. þairh through ), from PIE root *tere through (Cf. Skt. tirah, Avestan …   Etymology dictionary

  • through — [adj1] done buttoned up*, complete, completed, concluded, ended, finis*, finished, in the bag*, over, terminated, wound up*, wrapped up*; concepts 531,548 Ant. incomplete, unfinished through [adj2] direct constant, free, nonstop, one way, opened …   New thesaurus

  • through — ► PREPOSITION & ADVERB 1) moving in one side and out of the other side of (an opening or location). 2) so as to make a hole or passage in. 3) (preposition ) expressing the position or location of something beyond (an opening or an obstacle). 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • through — through; through·ly; through·ith·er; …   English syllables

  • through — I adjective completed, concluded, decided, done, done with, ended, finished, set at rest, settled, terminated II (By means of) adverb by means of, by the hand of, by way of, using, using the help of III (From beginning to end) adverb …   Law dictionary

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