background ionization

фоновая ионизация

English-Russian dictionary of geology. 2011.

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  • Critical ionization velocity — experiment onboard space shuttle Discovery (STS 39), releasing a plume of nitrous oxide gas. Full text Critical ionization velocity (CIV, also called Critical velocity, CV) is the relative v …   Wikipedia

  • Tunnel ionization — is a process in which electrons in an atom (or a molecule) pass through the potential barrier and escape from the atom (or molecule). In an intense electric field, the potential barrier of an atom (molecule) is distorted drastically. Therefore,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cosmic microwave background radiation — CMB and Cosmic background radiation redirect here. For other uses see CMB (disambiguation) and Cosmic background (disambiguation). Physical cosmology …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of other background radiation fields — Timeline of other background radiation fields* 1912 Victor Hess discovers that the ionization of air increases with altitude indicating the existence of cosmic radiation * 1949 Herbert Friedman detects evidence for extrasolar X rays * 1962… …   Wikipedia

  • spectroscopy — spectroscopist /spek tros keuh pist/, n. /spek tros keuh pee, spek treuh skoh pee/, n. the science that deals with the use of the spectroscope and with spectrum analysis. [1865 70; SPECTRO + SCOPY] * * * Branch of analysis devoted to identifying… …   Universalium

  • Electron avalanche — An electron avalanche is a process in which a number of free electrons in a medium (usually a gas) are subjected to strong acceleration by an electric field, ionizing the medium s atoms by collision (called impact ionization), thereby forming new …   Wikipedia

  • radiation — radiational, adj. /ray dee ay sheuhn/, n. 1. Physics. a. the process in which energy is emitted as particles or waves. b. the complete process in which energy is emitted by one body, transmitted through an intervening medium or space, and… …   Universalium

  • Ionizing radiation — consists of highly energetic particles or waves that can detach (ionize) at least one electron from an atom or molecule. Ionizing ability depends on the energy of the impinging individual particles or waves, and not on their number. A large flood …   Wikipedia

  • Cosmic ray — For the film, see Cosmic Ray (film). Cosmic radiation redirects here. For some background types of cosmic radiation, see cosmic background radiation and cosmic background. The energy spectrum for cosmic rays Cosmic rays are energetic charged… …   Wikipedia

  • Neutron detection — is the effective detection of neutrons entering a well positioned detector. There are two key aspects to effective neutron detection: hardware and software. Detection hardware refers to the kind of neutron detector used (the most common today is… …   Wikipedia

  • nebula — nebular, adj. /neb yeuh leuh/, n., pl. nebulae / lee , luy /, nebulas. 1. Astron. a. Also called diffuse nebula. a cloud of interstellar gas and dust. Cf. dark nebula, emission nebula, reflection nebula …   Universalium

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